Cottonwood, ID Profile: Facts & Data


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Cottonwood, Idaho - Basic Facts

The City of Cottonwood had a population of 890 as of July 1, 2020. Cottonwood ranks in the lower quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Idaho. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Cottonwood is located at latitude 46.0485 and longitude -116.3496 in Idaho County. The formal boundaries for the City of Cottonwood encompass a land area of 0.84 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Idaho County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 3,497 feet.

The City of Cottonwood (GNIS ID: 2410243) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Idaho is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Cottonwood is located within Cottonwood Division of Idaho County.


Cottonwood, ID Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 890 (100%)
Population in Households 824 (92.6%)
Population in Families 690 (77.5%)
Population in Group Quarters1 66 ( 7.4%)
Population Density 1,060
Diversity Index2 16


Median Household Income $47,623
Average Household Income $56,571
% of Income for Mortgage4 14%
Per Capita Income $20,756
Wealth Index5 53


Total HU (Housing Units) 392 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 282 (71.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 76 (19.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 35 ( 8.9%)
Median Home Value $162,313
Average Home Value $189,413
Housing Affordability Index3 185


Total Households 357
Average Household Size 2.31
Family Households 243
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population -0.11% 0.11%
Households -0.16% 0.11%
Families 0.12% -0.08%
Median Household Income   1.21%
Per Capita Income   1.77%
Owner Occupied HU   0.0%


Cottonwood, ID - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Cottonwood to the other 227 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Idaho by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 101 56th
Population Density # 102 56th
Median Household Income # 137 40th
Housing Affordability Index # 164 72nd
Per Capita Income # 170 26th
Diversity Index # 183 19th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Idaho Census Data Comparison Tool.

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